During wear, fur products - fur coats, hats, collars, are exposed to harmful environmental influences. Over time, dust and dirt accumulate on their surface. "Salting" occurs, the fur loses its luster, and with it a spectacular appearance. In addition, contaminated fur does not retain heat well.
Experts recommend at least 1 time per year to clean fur products in dry cleaning or at home. If necessary, the procedure can be performed more often. This is determined by the living conditions of the person. As a rule, a thing is more polluted in the city than in rural areas. The best time for the procedure is spring, when things are prepared for storage.
There are 2 types of cleaning:
General cleaning involves processing over the entire area. The product is cleaned of dirt and greasing, which has a beneficial effect on the appearance. Local cleaning involves cleaning the local area.
At home, 2 methods of cleaning the fur are involved:
The first option is based on manually rubbing adsorbent substances. The second involves the use of chemicals, including potentially hazardous to humans. These include gasoline. During the work with it it is necessary to observe safety measures.
- Better to clean outdoors or in a well-ventilated area to avoid concentration of gasoline vapors.
- Exclude the presence of open flame near heating appliances.
- Remove children from the desktop.
- Do not use gasoline in the evening, so as not to get vapor poisoning during sleep.
- Hang a fur-treated product with petrol on the street until the smell disappears.
The best cleaning products for natural fur
For the full cleaning of fur outerwear, it is recommended to use:
- Foam rubber;
- Expanded polystyrene;
- Sawdust of deciduous trees: oak, birch and others.
A popular tool is gasoline, which breaks down dirt particles and removes them from the surface. The advantages of gasoline include accessibility and effectiveness. The main disadvantage is a sharp and unpleasant odor that persists for a long time. To properly clean, you need to consider the length of the pile:
- Long-haired fur is rubbed in the direction of growth of the villi.
- Short-haired fur is washed in any direction, but in one direction.
The cleaning procedure using sawdust is carried out by slightly spraying them with turpentine or gasoline. Sawdust should be taken clean, not rotten. 1 - 2 glasses of sawdust are poured onto the fur. Using a brush, they are rubbed on the surface.
When adding new servings of cleaning agent, they thoroughly process the whole thing. In places with a large accumulation of dirt, manipulations are repeated 2 to 3 times. At the end of the procedure, the sawdust is removed, the product is shaken off and combed out.
With a light degree of contamination, glycerin is applied to the stain and after a while wiped with a damp cloth. If the dirt has eaten into the fur, apply a proven composition: mix equal parts of vinegar, water, animal shampoo.Wipe areas contaminated with fat or sweat with ammonia-saline solution (in a ratio of 1: 3 per 0.5 l of water) or with a mixture of ammonia and denatured alcohol (in equal proportions).
Heavily contaminated areas are recommended to be cleaned with foam rubber. Distribute it throughout the depth of the pile. It absorbs dirt and dust caught on the hair spines. Large pieces of foam rubber are useful for removing surface salting. The washcloth is held in the hand and carried along the fur in the direction of hair growth. The pieces change as they become soiled.
How to clean faux fur - folk methods and household chemicals
Faux fur is easy to clean with steam. To do this, it is enough to take an iron with steam formation, heat it up, and direct the jet into the dirty area. Dry the product completely at room temperature and comb the pile.
Greater soiling will help remove carpet cleaner. It is applied to the surface and after a while wiped with a damp cloth.
An effective home remedy is a mixture of washing powder, dishwashing gel and starch. It is rubbed into the stain and left to dry. Residues are removed with a brush.
Vinegar for removing stains from faux fur is contraindicated.
Features of cleaning light and white fur
Special care must be taken in products made from skins of light shades. Keep in mind that white fur turns yellow over time. This is especially noticeable in products from white fox, mink, gray astrakhan.
For cleaning, high-quality light sawdust is selected. Folk remedies — semolina, potato flour, starch, talc — help well. To enhance the effect, food products are heated to +80 C. before the procedure.
At home, to remove dirt from a light surface, you can try a water-ammonia solution. It is sprayed over the area of the product and left to dry completely. Then the pile is combed with a brush. Blue, diluted in water, also helps. She dampened with a rag and wiped the fur.
Do not use bleaches, as well as products containing dyes.
In cleaning fur products, there are nuances that you should not forget about.
- Cleaning products are best applied to the clothes brush or cloth (calico, flannel).
- It is impossible to use sawdust of coniferous trees. In the composition they contain resinous substances.
- After manipulations, the fur should dry at room temperature. Then it should be combed, avoiding tangling.
- It is not recommended to clean at home fur stuff stained with oils. Fat is deeply eaten into the pile, and it can only be removed with the help of special chemicals.
- Do not leave dirty things without cleaning for a long time. Products become untidy, fur loses its luster.
After the product is cleaned, the pile acquires a soft, uniform shine over the entire surface. If in some places there are dull areas, then this indicates either a poorly performed procedure, or about wiping the fur.